On this day in 1970, Salvador Allende became President of Chile. He immediately began to nationalize large-scale industries (notably U.S. copper mining and banking), expand access to health care and education, offer free milk for children, redistribute large land holdings, raise the minimum wage, support public work projects and public arts, and promote widespread voter participation. The U.S. gov’t. had worked to prevent his election. Once elected, the CIA sponsored a kidnap attempt. Within three years, the CIA funded a coup that led to Allende’s death and the brutal dictatorship of Pinochet.